Manage Your Python Virtual Environments With Pyenv

Virtualenv is the tool for creating a Python virtual environment, a folder on your computer system that embarks its own copy of the Python interpreter and the site-packages subfolder where the code for the installed third-party modules is placed.

Using a so-called "virtual env" is recommended so when you work on a given project, your space of dependencies is isolated from the one of another project you might be working on earlier or later that day. Developers create and keep several virtual envs depending on the projects they are working on or the code they maintain.

Let's first see how you use it standalone, and then as a plugin for the pyenv tool.

Using the virtualenv, the default way

In recent versions of Python 3, the "Virtualenv" module is part of the standard library and is called venv. So you can create and start working with a new virtual env by doing:

$ python3 -m venv mytesting_env
$ cd mytesting_env
$ source bin/activate

If you have an old version of Python, without the add-on module installed, you can install it using pip, and then use the provided CLI program to create the virtual env:

$ virtualenv mytesting_env

Using virtualenv integrated in pyenv

If you choose to use pyenv to manage your Python installations, you can use the virtualenv tool integrated in it.
This is possible by installing the pyenv-virtualenv plugin on top of pyenv.

In my previous post, I presented how to install pyenv the easier way, using the installer provided by the developer. In fact, when proceding that way, the "pyenv-virtualenv" plugin is already installed for us by default. To double-check that it is the case, you can go in the $HOME/.pyenv/plugins/ directory, or the equivalent on your computer, and you should find it.

There is a final action needed from your part, though, to make sure things work correctly: Add the pyenv virtualenv-init command to your shell by putting it at the end of your .bashrc file.
You can do:

$ echo 'eval "$(pyenv virtualenv-init -)"' >> ~/.bashrc

Then restart your shell, for example with:

$ exec "$SHELL"

Now, let's say we want a virtual env based on our Python 3.6.1, where we are going to do stuff using the "requests" module. We can do:

$ pyenv virtualenv 3.6.1 py361_requests_env

Then, you only need the following command, anytime you want to use that virtual environment:

$ pyenv activate py361_requests_env
(py361_requests_env) $
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